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Governmental regulations and concept behind eradication and control of some important poultry diseases

by 5m Editor
30 December 2005, at 12:00am

By H.M. Hafez, Institute of poultry Diseases, Free University Berlin - Infections diseases of poultry are mostly associated with severe economic losses. Many of these diseases once re-emerging or introduced into a geographic area, can explode into an epidemic and may have a significant negative effect on international trade.

Governmental regulations and concept behind eradication and control of some important poultry diseases - By H.M. Hafez, Institute of poultry Diseases, Free University Berlin - Infections diseases of poultry are mostly associated with severe economic losses. Many of these diseases once re-emerging or introduced into a geographic area, can explode into an epidemic and may have a significant negative effect on international trade.

Abstract

Beside general control approaches like biosecurity, improvement of rearing management, monitoring, and vaccination several governmental measures on control of poultry diseases were adopted in European countries.

Eradication policy and killing of animals for disease control purposes are commonly applied in cases of suspicion or confirmed outbreaks of emergency diseases, outbreaks of diseases with a considerable public health and/or economic impact and in case of possible irregularities during the intra-community trade of live animals and their products.

The List A of the Office of International Epizooties (OIE) including rapidly spreading diseases of major economic importance, such as highly pathogenic Avian influenza (AI) and Newcastle Disease (ND). The EU legislation to control Avian influenza is laid down in Council Directive 92/40/EEC (EEC, 1992x) introducing Community measures for the control of Avian influenza. For the Newcastle disease the Council Directive 92/66/EEC (EEC, 19921)) introducing Community measures for the control of Newcastle disease is laid down.

In addition, the European Union adopted a Council Regulation 2160/2003/EC (EC, 20031)) on the control of salmonella and other specified food-borne zoonotic agents. The aim of this paper is to describe the regulations related to control of the above mentioned diseases and /or infections.

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The study is published in World's Poultry Science Journal, Vol. 61, December 2005 edition

Source: World's Poultry Science Journal - December 2005