ShapeShapeauthorShapechevroncrossShapeShapeShapeGrouphamburgerhomeGroupmagnifyShapeShapeShaperssShape

Immunizing against Infectious Bursal Disease

by 5m Editor
14 October 2004, at 12:00am

By H. Wu and Joseph J. Giambrone, Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University, Narendra K. Singh and Robert D. Locy, Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, and K. Scissum-Gunn, Department of Biological Sciences, Alabama State University - This article is the abstract from a study entitled Immunization of Chickens with VP2 Protein of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Expressed in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Immunizing against Infectious Bursal Disease - By H. Wu and Joseph J. Giambrone, Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University, Narendra K. Singh and Robert D. Locy, Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, and K. Scissum-Gunn, Department of Biological Sciences, Alabama State University - This article is the abstract from a study entitled Immunization of Chickens with VP2 Protein of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Expressed in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Summary

Transgenic plants represent a safe, effective, and inexpensive way to produce vaccines. The immunogenicity of VP2 protein of an infectious bursal disease (IBD) virus variant E isolate expressed in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana was compared with a commercial vaccine in specific-pathogen-free broiler chickens.

The VP2 coding sequence was isolated and integrated into A. thaliana genome by Agrobacterium tumefaciens–mediated transformation. Soluble VP2 expressed in transgenic plants was used to immunize chickens. Chickens receiving oral immunization with plant-derived VP2 at 1 and 3 wk of age had an antibody response using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and 80% protection against challenge infection at 4 wk.

Chickens primed with a commercial vaccine at 1 wk followed by an oral booster with VP2 expressed in plants at 3 wk of age showed 90% protection. Chickens immunized with a commercial vaccine at 1 and 3 wk showed 78% protection. Results supported the efficacy of plant-produced VP2 as a vaccine against IBD.

Abbreviations: B2 = Bursine 2; ELISA = enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay; IBD = infectious bursal disease; IBDV = infectious bursal disease virus; mAb = monoclonal antibody; N = untransformed; PBS = phosphate-buffered saline; RT-PCR = reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction; SDS-PAGE = sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; SPF = specific-pathogen-free; SQ = subcutaneously; T = V-3 plant

Source: American Association of Avian Pathologists - June 2004