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International Egg and Poultry Review

by 5m Editor
5 May 2004, at 12:00am

By the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service - This is a weekly report looking at international developments concerning the poultry industry, this week looking at the effect of bird flu on exports in Thailand and Brazil.

International Egg and Poultry Review - By the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service - This is a weekly report looking at international developments concerning the poultry industry, this week looking at the effect of bird flu on exports in Thailand and Brazil.

The Effect of Avian Influenza on Poultry Exports: Thailand and Brazil

Thailand’s poultry industry is recovering from an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) which resulted in the slaughter of at least 36 million birds. In early January, 2004 Thailand was suspected of having Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI). On January 22, 2004 Japan banned all poultry imports from Thailand.

The next day Thailand confirmed the presence of HPAI and the European Union immediately suspended imports of fresh poultry meat. Imports of poultry meat treated to a temperature of 70 degrees Celsius (158 degrees Fahrenheit) were not affected by the ban.

Thailand began a testing and stamping out program and by mid- February, over 27 million birds had died or been destroyed. Since then, Thailand has been close to declaring the country free of avian influenza only to have the disease surface again sporadically.

In late February, after the Thai government took steps to contain the disease, Japan lifted the ban on cooked poultry imports. Japan and the EU are Thailand’s main poultry export markets.

The export value of poultry and poultry products and eggs and egg products plumeted almost 96 percent for the first three months of 2004 compared to the same period in 2003. Exports of frozen chicken meat and offal fell almost 73 percent in quantity and 68 percent in value during that time. Prepared fowl increased 230 percent in value as some countries contined to import cooked poultry from Thailand.

Brazil's chicken meat exports increased 9.3 percent in volume to 537,335 metric tons during the first quarter of 2004. The value of those exports increased 46 percent. Processed broiler exports showed the strongest growth, reaching 11,239 MT, up 44.1 percent from the same period in 2003. The Brazilian Broiler Processing Exporters Association (ABEF) said Brazil could have exported an additional 20,000 MT during the first quarter, however a strike by Brazilian government inspectors temporarily hit all agricultural and food exports earlier this year.

Exports of broiler parts to Japan rose 88 percent and the average price of chicken meat exports grew from US$989 to US$1,548 per MT FOB.
Source: OIE (World Organization for Animal Health), Thai Customs, Brazil Ministry of Agriculture, USDA/FAS, various news wires



To view the full report, including tables please click here

Source: USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service - 4th May 2004

5m Editor