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International Egg and Poultry Review: U.S. Poultry Exports to China

by 5m Editor
7 September 2005, at 12:00am

By the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service - This is a weekly report looking at international developments concerning the poultry industry, this week looking at U.S. Poultry Exports to China.

International Egg and Poultry Review - By the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service - This is a weekly report looking at international developments concerning the poultry industry, this week looking at U.S. Poultry Exports to China.

U.S. Poultry Exports to China

U.S. poultry exports to China are recovering in 2005. U.S. poultry meat exports to China fell from 178,956 metric tons in 2003 to only 23,173 MT in 2004 after China banned U.S. poultry imports in February 2004 due to a case of low path avian influenza in Delaware. Exports to Hong Kong fell from 302,646 MT in 2003 to 202,426 MT in 2004.


The Chinese Government officially re-opened the market on December 27, 2004, after lifting the ban on U.S. poultry and poultry products for poultry slaughtered on or after November 8, 2004 with the exception of product produced in Rhode Island and Connecticut. The first containers of U.S. poultry cleared Chinese Customs on January 20, 2005.

Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Department of Commerce Census Bureau

Poultry Industry in India

India’s poultry sector has grown steadily over the past several years. Broiler production is forecast to increase by 16 percent to 2.2 million tons in CY 2006, from an estimated 1.9 million tons in 2005. A trend toward forward integration in poultry operations has spread into the north, after mostly being in the south. A preference for birds with higher dressing yields, and price stabilization measures initiated by the industry are also factors supporting growth in production. Egg production was forecast at 24,091 million eggs, down 4.5 percent from 25,218 million eggs in January – June 2004.


The government of India does not classify poultry farming as an industrial or agricultural enterprise, leaving the option of classification up to individual States. With agriculture status, farmers could qualify for loans at low interest rates, benefits with respect to sales taxes, land and labor laws, and other government assistance. Agricultural income is generally tax-free. Only a few States have given poultry farms the status of agriculture.

India’s 17th Livestock Census was released in early 2005 with October 15, 2003 as the reference date. The total poultry population in India was 489 million, up 45 percent from 337 million in 1997. Andra Pradash ranked first with 102.3 million followed by Tamilnadu with 86.6 million, Uttaranchal West with 60.7 million and Maharashtra with 38.0 million.
Source: International Egg Commission, Government of India Ministry of Agriculture, USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, UN Food and Agriculture Organization, news services

Impact of Katrina on U.S. Poultry Exports

The destruction left by Hurricane Katrina was devastating and the full extent of the damage is unknown. The Port of New Orleans, Gulfport and Pascagoula suffered heavy damage. The Mississippi ports are major shipping points for exports of U.S. poultry.

In 2000, almost 22 percent of all poultry exported from the U.S. moved through Gulfport or Pascagoula. The Gulfport is also the United States' top port for exports of frozen poultry to Russia and the former Soviet states. New Orleans is also a major port for exports of chicken.
Source: Mississippi Agricultural & Forestry Experiment Station, news services

To view the full report, including tables please click here

Source: USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service - 6th September 2005

5m Editor