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Brazil Poultry and Products Annual 2007

by 5m Editor
12 September 2007, at 12:00am

By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2007 report for Brazil. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

Report Highlights

Post projects broiler and turkey meat to increase in 2008 by 4 and 10 percent, respectively, in response to strong domestic demand and continued expansion in exports. The improved in outlook for the Brazilian economy in 2007-08 supports higher domestic demand for animal protein benefiting broiler consumption over other types of meat. Poultry producers and packers, however, are concerned about the long-term impact of ethanol on world commodity prices, which increases feed costs to producers.

Executive Summary

Post projects broiler and turkey production to increase by 4 and 10 percent, respectively, in 2008. The increase in production reflects strong domestic and export demand for both types of meat. Poultry packers, however, remain concerned about the impact of ethanol production on world commodity prices and higher feed costs, despite record Brazilian corn and soybean crops.

The improved outlook for the Brazilian economy supports higher domestic demand for animal protein in 2008, as consumers’ real income increased by over five percent in the past 12 months, and most analysts project stronger economic growth in 2008. Broiler consumption should benefit from higher disposable income since chicken meat is highly competitive in the retail market, compared to beef and pork. Broiler and turkey exports remain firm in the world market, and the Brazilian product is benefiting from disease free areas and competitive prices in most traditional poultry markets. Continued market promotion also helps to boost sales to emerging markets.

Commodity Outlook, Broiler

Production

Post forecasts an increase in broiler production in 2008 of 4 percent, supported by the following factors:

  1. Increase in exports due to continued higher world demand;
  2. Strong domestic demand; and,
  3. Aggressive market promotion efforts in overseas markets.

However, the following constraints could affect the project performance of the Brazilian broiler industry in 2008: a) continued appreciation of the Brazilian currency; b) higher production costs due to the impact of ethanol on world commodity prices, despite a projected record Brazilian corn and soybean crop in 2007-08; and c) possible new market access constraints in the European Union that may reduce exports of processed broilers to that market.

Post revised upwards broiler production in 2007 to 10.1 million metric tons, eight percent higher than last year’s production. The 2007 increase in broiler production reflects mostly a rebound in the export of broilers, principally cuts and processed broiler meat. In addition, firm domestic demand, derived from a higher employment rate and consumer purchasing power, supports a continued boost for animal protein. Retail chicken prices are highly competitive with other meat prices, principally beef. Also, continued expansion of broiler exports to new and traditional markets, such as the European Union, supports growth in exports during this year.

Animal Health Update

Since the outbreaks of Avian Influenza in Asia, the Brazilian government has encouraged the Chamber for Poultry and Swine to develop preventative measures against the possibility of Avian Influenza being introduced into Brazil. In addition to the animal health requirements, which are part of the National Poultry Health Program, several preventative measures have already been adopted, such as: tightening controls at ports and airports for tourists and visitors arriving from Asia, prohibition to import paddy rice from Asian countries, prohibitions for visitors from Asia to visit Brazilian poultry farms, and new restrictive import requirements for imported poultry genetics, such as day-old chicks.

The most recent policy recommendation has been the “Regionalization of Sanitary Controls for Poultry”. This concept involves a protocol between 6 states from the center-south regions of Brazil by which these states establish tight border controls on transit of birds, eggs, and any other related poultry products and byproducts for interstate commerce.

The Brazilian government also published on April 10, 2006, Directive Number 17, which establishes the National Plan for Prevention of Avian Influenza and the Control and Prevention of Newcastle Disease. According to our trade source, the main problem with the implementation of Directive 17 is the lack of funds. The Brazilian government promised to allocate US$ 130 million for this plan in 2007, but funds have not been released yet.

Production Factors

The following table provides an overview of the production of parent stock and day-old chicks in Brazil:

Year Parent Stock Broiler Chicks
(1,000)
Layers
(1,000) a/
Broilers
(1,000)
2000 60,235 27,536 3,254,100
2001 62,544 28,597 3,473,600
2002 67,297 30,499 3,819,570
2003 77,943 31,035 3,907,100
2004 84,528 33,293 4,277,700
2005 87,788 36,664 4,695,800
2006 93,206 38,398 4,576,000
2007 (estimate) 97,866 39,550 4,713,280
Note: a/ Monthly average quantities for layers.
Source: APINCO/UBA

Production costs

Although Brazilian poultry companies do not release production cost information, there are some representative costs supplied by trade sources. During the first half of 2007, the estimated average cost of broiler production reached R$ 1.42 per kilogram, live weight, up 18.3 percent from an estimated cost of R$1.20 per kilogram, live weight, for the same period in 2006. The average exchange rate for January-June 2007 was R$ 2.04 per US$ 1.00, compared to R$ 2.19 per US$ 1.00 during the same period in 2006.

Post projects feed pric es to increase during the 2007-08 crop year (October 1/September 30), despite an estimated record of corn and soybean crops. The new crop plan announced by the federal government will likely maintain the volume of subsidized funds available to corn producers to finance their cost of production. However, poultry producers are concerned about the impact of ethanol prices on major world commodity prices. Sao Paulo: Broiler production costs and wholesale prices for broilers (RTC), corn, and soybean meal:

Sao Paulo: Broiler production costs and wholesale prices for broilers (RTC), corn, and soybean meal:
Year Broiler Cost (US$/KG/Live Weight) Wholesale Prices
Live Weight (US$/KG) RTC (US$/KG) Corn (US$/60/KG) Soybean Meal (US$/KG)
2000 0.47 0.50 0.68 7.78 0.18
2001 0.38 0.41 0.53 4.64 0.19
2002 0.39 0.39 0.50 6.26 0.18
2003 0.47 0.47 0.54 6.54 0.21
2004 0.51 0.51 0.54 6.31 0.23
2005 0.55 0.56 0.55 7.33 0.21
2006 0.57 0.54 0.65 8.00 0.21
2007 (est.) 0.74 0.91 1.02 9.89 0.23
RTC= Ready to Cook
Source: Trade

Consumption

Post forecasts domestic broiler consumption to increase by 4 percent in 2008. Current economic forecasts are for continued expansion of economic growth, inflation at lower levels, stable unemployment rates, and continued improvement in consumer purchasing power. Competition from other meats is not expected to affect broiler consumption since broiler meat is more affordable to lower income consumers compared to beef and pork. In addition, demand is expected to increase from the food service industry for products such as frozen chicken meals, pre-cooked meals, and chicken burgers.

There are no public statistics available on the structure of domestic broiler consumption between whole birds and parts. Brazilian consumers still have an overwhelming preference for large whole broilers as a result of lower prices relative to beef products, although according to some market analysts, the structure of broiler demand is changing. There has also been a shift in consumption toward more highly processed broiler products, mostly among the Brazilian middle and upper classes. The traditional diet staples, rice and beans, are losing ground to animal protein products such as poultry, beef and dairy products. Large Brazilian poultry processors are responding to these changes by shifting their sales mix strategies toward broiler parts (mostly leg quarters and breast meat) and further processed value-added branded products, such as pre-cooked meals, chicken nuggets, and chicken burgers. The institutional, food service, and fast food markets also offer great potential for Brazilian firms. Tailoring products to these sectors’ needs is the center of processors’ new strategies.

Trade

Post projects broiler exports to expand by over five percent in 2008. Our forecast is basically supported by higher world demand for broilers due to the reduction of the concern over Avian Influenza, an estimated increase in exports to traditional markets due to continued higher demand for the Brazilian products which is very competitive, and aggressive market promotion efforts by Brazilian poultry exporters in new markets. However, concerns remain about the European Union’s possible restrictions, mostly for processed broilers.

Post revised export estimates for 2007 to include most recent trade data. During January- August 2007, exports significantly increased by over 21 percent, as compared to the same period in 2006. The increase is mostly attributed to higher exports to the United Arab Emirates (50 %), European Union (30 %), Hong Kong (24%, and Saudi Arabia (19%). Exports to Russia and Japan dropped by five percent. However, the value of exports increased substantially less than the volume, rising only 7 percent.

Policy

There have been no changes in poultry production policy since our previous annual report. For recent farm credit policy changes, please see BR 6611. Te Poultry and Swine Board (formed by government and private sector organizations) met recently and request from the federal government to approve imports of GMO corn because of the current tight outlook of corn supplies. In order to import GMO corn for animal feed, a formal request must be submitted to the National Technical Committee on Biotechnology (CTNBio) for pre-approval.

Marketing

The Brazilian Poultry Exporters Association (ABEF) is a private, non-profit organization formed by the largest poultry processors and exporters of Brazil. ABEF has similar goals and programs compared to the U.S. Poultry and Egg Export Council (USAPEEC). ABEF has worked in the past as a national lobbying group for poultry exporters with program activities aimed at the Brazilian government, international organizations, and foreign governments to guarantee market access and reduction of non-tariff barriers for Brazilian broiler exports. The five largest poultry exporters account for nearly 90 percent of all poultry

ABEF was one of the first private organizations to implement its export promotion together with the federal government’s market promotion agency (APEX). ABEF has participated in several trade shows overseas, mostly in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Promotion activities include in-store promotions, general media activity, and market research. Although similar to FAS’s market promotion programs, ABEF includes several market access activities such as eliminating sanitary barriers and conducting trade servicing under the market access promotion buget for market promotion. ABEF’s 2007/08 budget for market promotion is estimated at US$ 2.7 million, of which APEX funds 45 percent.

Commodity Outlook, Turkey

Production

Note: There is no official data on turkey production in Brazil. Data provided in this report is derived from interviews with sources from major Brazilian packers. Post also revised production data back to 2002 to include data received from trade sources.

Post forecasts Brazilian turkey production to increase by 10 percent in 2008, primarily in response to strong domestic and export demand. In addition, some investment projects to increase turkey production have matured, and production is now reaching the market.

Consumption

The projected economic growth of 5 percent in 2008, combined with an estimated lower unemployment rate, and higher disposable income , will likely contribute to keeping domestic demand firm for animal protein, benefiting turkey demand. However, most of this demand comes from the food service industry.

Frozen Ready to Cook (RTC) turkey consumption remains highly seasonal in Brazil, but it is changing rapidly. Trade sources estimate that 70 percent of whole turkey sales occur during the pre-Christmas period, because consumer habits in Brazil favor turkey consumption during this holiday season. However, processed turkey products, such as sliced loaf and nuggets are consumed throughout the year. Other frozen turkey entrees, like lasagna, pizza, and hamburgers are found in most supermarkets.

Trade

Post projects turkey exports to increase by 11 percent in 2008 due mostly to continued strong demand from the European Union. During January-August 2007, turkey exports in volume increased by 12 percent compared to the same period last year, but the value of exports during the same period increased substantially more than volume, rising 45 percent, due to higher average export price.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report, including tables, by clicking here.

List of Articles in this series

To view our complete list of 2007 Poultry and Products Annual reports, please click here

September 2007