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Effects of Glycerol on Performance, Egg Traits, Some Blood Parameters and Antibody Production to SRBC of Laying Hens

1 January 2011, at 12:00am

Glycerol can be used at 2.5 per cent in the diets of laying hens, without adverse effects, according to researchers based in Turkey, but higher levels of inclusion increased egg yolk cholesterol and altered the fatty acid composition of the eggs.

Sakine Yalçin of Ankara University in Turkey and co-authors there and at other veterinary universities in Turkey studied the effects of feeding glycerol to laying hens, reporting their work in the journal, Livestock Science.

Their study was designed to investigate the effects of the usage of glycerol from biodiesel production from soybean oil in laying hen diets on laying performance, egg traits, heterophils to lymphocytes ratio (H/L), some blood parameters and antibody production to SRBC.

A total of 180 Lohmann Brown laying hens 39 weeks of age were allocated to four dietary treatments, with one control group and three treatment groups and fed for 16 weeks. Each group was divided into five replicates as subgroups, comprising of nine hens each. Glycerol was used at the level of 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 per cent in the diets of the first, second and third treatment groups, respectively. The diets were formulated to be isocaloric and isonitrogenous.

Dietary treatments did not significantly affect body weight, egg production, egg weight, feed efficiency, mortality, egg albumen index, egg yolk index and egg Haugh unit score, yolk weight percentage, exterior egg quality characteristics, excreta moisture, H/L ratio, blood parameters and antibody production to SRBC.

Hens fed diets with 7.5 per cent glycerol consumed significantly less feed than those of the other groups. Egg yolk cholesterol concentration was significantly higher for hens fed diets with 5.0 and 7.5 per cent glycerol than for the other groups (P<0.01).

The ratio of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) to saturated fatty acids (SFA) in eggs was decreased (P<0.01) with dietary glycerol supplementation.

The inclusion of glycerol had no significant effects on blood parameters, H/L ratio, antibody titres to SRBC and excreta moisture.

Yalçin and co-authors concluded that glycerol can be used at 2.5 per cent in the diets of laying hens, without adverse effects on the measured parameters. Dietary glycerol at the levels of 5.0 and 7.5 per cent increased egg yolk cholesterol and decreased the ratio of MUFA/SFA without affecting performance, other egg traits, immune response, H/L ratio, blood parameters and excreta moisture.

Reference

Yalçin S., H. Erol, B. Özsoy, Ý. Onbasilar, S. Yalçin and A. Üner. 2010. Effects of glycerol on performance, egg traits, some blood parameters and antibody production to SRBC of laying hens. Livestock Science, 129: 129–134

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.


November 2011