ShapeShapeauthorShapechevroncrossShapeShapeShapeGrouphamburgerhomeGroupmagnifyShapeShapeShaperssShape

Role of Estrogen in Avian Osteoporosis

by 5m Editor
1 February 2004, at 12:00am

By M. M. Beck, Department of Animal Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln and K. K. Hansen, Eppley Institute for Cancer Research, University of Nebraska. Published by Poultry Science - One of the difficulties associated with commercial layer production is the development of osteoporosis in hens late in the production cycle.

Role of Estrogen in Avian Osteoporosis - By M. M. Beck, Department of Animal Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln and K. K. Hansen, Eppley Institute for Cancer Research, University of Nebraska. Published by Poultry Science - One of the difficulties associated with commercial layer production is the development of osteoporosis in hens late in the production cycle.

Abstract

In light of this fact and because of hens' unique requirements for Ca, many studies have focused on the regulation of Ca and the role of estrogen in this process.

The time course of estrogen synthesis over the productive life of hens has been well documented; increased circulating estrogen accompanies the onset of sexual maturity while decreases signal a decline in egg production prior to a molt. Numbers of estrogen receptors decrease with age in numerous tissues.

The parallel changes in calcium-regulating proteins, primarily Calbindin D28K, and in the ability of duodenal cells to transport Ca, are thought to occur as a result of the changes in estrogen, and are also reversible by the molt process. In addition to the traditional model of estrogen action, evidence now exists for a possible nongenomic action of estrogen via membrane-bound receptors, demonstrated by extremely rapid surges of ionized Ca in chicken granulosa cells in response to 17ß-estradiol.

Estrogen receptors have also been discovered in duodenal tissue, and tamoxifen, which binds to the estrogen receptor, has been shown to cause a rapid increase in Ca transport in the duodenum. In addition, recent evidence also suggests that mineralization of bone per se may not explain entirely the etiology of osteoporosis in the hen but that changes in the collagen matrix may contribute through decreases in bone elasticity.

Taken together, these studies suggest that changes in estrogen synthesis and estrogen receptor populations may underlie the age-related changes in avian bone. As with postmenopausal women, dietary Ca and vitamin D are of limited benefit as remedies for osteoporosis in the hen.

The study is published in Poultry Science - Volume 83, February 2004, Number 2

Source: Poultry Science - February 2004