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Newcastle Disease in Norway

by 5m Editor
3 November 2003, at 12:00am

NORWAY - This is a report via OIE on the outbreak of Exotic Newcastle Disease in Norway.

Newcastle Disease in Norway - NORWAY - This is a report via OIE on the outbreak of Exotic Newcastle Disease in Norway.

(Date of previous outbreak of Newcastle disease in Norway reported to the OIE: December 1996).

Emergency report

Information received on 28 October 2003 from Dr Eivind Liven, Chief Veterinary Officer, Royal Ministry of Agriculture, Oslo:

Date of the report: 28 October 2003.

Nature of diagnosis: clinical and laboratory.

Date of initial detection of animal health incident: 3 October 2003.

Outbreaks:

Location No. of outbreaks
Hole municipality, Buskerud department 1

Total number of animals in the outbreak:

species susceptible cases deaths destroyed slaughtered
avi 112* 50 10 102 0

* 80 pigeons, 28 dwarf hens (Bahamas) and 4 Muscovy ducks

Diagnosis:

A. Laboratories where diagnosis was made:

- National Veterinary Institute(1), Oslo;

- Veterinary Laboratories Agency - Weybridge, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory for Newcastle disease).

B. Diagnostic tests used: virus isolation (inoculation of embryonated eggs), haemagglutination inhibition test, monoclonal antibodies test, RT-PCR(2).

C. Causal agent: pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1); virulent sequence ’RRQKRF’; intracerebral pathogenicity index=0.4.

Source of agent / origin of infection: unknown.

Control measures:

- stamping out (the carcasses were buried);

- surveillance of the health status in all poultry holdings within a 10-km distance - for 4 weeks after completion of the cleansing and disinfection of the infected holding.

(1) Veterinærinstituttet

(2) RT-PCR: reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction

Source: OFFICE INTERNATIONAL DES EPIZOOTIES - 31st October 2003

5m Editor