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Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Indonesia

by 5m Editor
6 February 2004, at 12:00am

INDONESIA - This is an emergency report via OIE on the recent outbreak of Avian Influenza in Indonesia.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Indonesia - INDONESIA - This is an emergency report via OIE on the recent outbreak of Avian Influenza in Indonesia.

Information received on 3 February 2004 from Dr Sofjan Sudarjat, Director General of Livestock Services, Department of Agriculture, Jakarta:

Date of the report: 2 February 2004.

Nature of diagnosis: clinical and post-mortem with laboratory confirmation.

Date of initial detection of animal health incident: 15 December 2003.

Estimated date of primary infection: 11 December 2003.

Outbreaks:

Location No. of outbreaks
Banten province (1 district) 12
West Java province (6 districts) 12
Central Java province (17 districts) 26
Jakarta province (1 district) 1
Yogyakarta province (3 districts) 8
East Java province (13 districts) 26
Lampung province (3 districts) 4
Bali province (5 districts) 30
South Kalimantan (1 district) 1
Central Kalimantan (1 district) 1
South Sumatra (6 districts) 6
Total 127

Description of affected population: mostly layer/breeder hens.

Total number of animals in the outbreaks:

species susceptible cases deaths destroyed slaughtered
avi 20,200,000 ... 4,700,000 ... ...

Diagnosis:

A. Laboratories where diagnosis was made:

- Disease Investigation Centre Region IV, Yogyakarta;

- Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Bogor;

- Veterinary Drug Assay Laboratory, Gunung Sindur, Bogor.

B. Diagnostic tests used:

- agar gel precipitation test;

- haemagglutination inhibition test;

- intravenous pathogenicity index test;

- reverse transcriptase - polymerase chain reaction;

- DNA sequencing.

C. Causal agent: highly pathogenic avian influenza virus type A, subtype H5N1.

Epidemiology:

A. Source of agent / origin of infection: under investigation.

B. Mode of spread: movement of live poultry, poultry products and by-products, egg trays and equipment.

C. Other epidemiological details: animal categories/species affected include broiler chickens, ducks, quail and native chickens.

Control measures:

- quarantine;

- movement control inside the country;

- modified stamping-out policy;

- vaccination

- zoning.

Note by the OIE Animal Health Information Department: no outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Indonesia have been reported before to the OIE.

Source: Office International des Epizooties - 6th February 2004

5m Editor