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Legumes Support Good Broiler Growth

by 5m Editor
14 July 2010, at 9:37a.m.

NEW ZEALAND - Dietary inclusion of faba beans, white lupins and peas at 200g per kg in two diets based on wheat and soybean meal supported good performance of broilers over the grow-out period, according to new research from Massey University.

C.L. Nalle from the Polytechnic of Agriculture at Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia and co-authors from Massey University in New Zealand have published a paper in the latest issue of International Journal of Poultry Science on their evaluation of faba beans, white lupins and peas as protein sources in broiler diets.

The aim of their study was to evaluate the effect of the inclusion of faba beans (Vicia faba), white lupins (Lupinus albus) and peas (Pisum sativum) in two different basal diets on the performance, digestive tract development and carcass characteristics of broilers housed in floor pens over a 35 day grow-out period.

The experimental design was a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement of treatments which evaluated two basal wheat-soy diets (with or without meat meal) and legume grains (no legume grain, or faba beans, white lupins and peas at 200 g/kg inclusion). All diets were formulated to contain similar levels of metabolisable energy and digestible amino acids.

A three-phase feeding programme (starter, grower and finisher) was employed. The starter, grower and finisher diets were offered from days 1-7, 8-21 and 22-35, respectively.

During the starter period, legume × meat meal interaction was significant (p<0.05) for weight gain and feed intake. Birds fed faba bean and white lupin diets containing meat meal had higher (p<0.05) weight gain and feed intake than those without meat meal.

During day 1-21, an interaction (p<0.05) between legumes and meat meal was observed for weight gain, with the gain of birds fed the pea diet without meat meal being higher (p<0.05) that than those fed pea diet with meat meal.

Over the 35-day trial period, however, with the exception of feed intake, legumes had no effect (p>0.05) on the performance and carcass recovery of broilers and the litter score. Weight gain and feed per gain of birds fed diets without meat meal were better (p<0.05) than those with meat meal.

The main effect of legumes was significant (<0.01 to 0.05) for the relative weight of liver and gizzard and the relative digesta weight of the crop and proventriculus. Birds fed meat meal diets had lower (p<0.05) relative weights of liver, pancreas and small intestine and relative digesta weight of small intestine than those fed diets with no meat meal diets.

Nalle and co-authors concluded that, when balanced for metabolisable energy and digestible amino acids, dietary inclusion of faba beans, white lupins and peas at 200 g/kg either in wheat-soybean meal or wheat-soybean meal-meat meal basal diets could support a good performance of birds over the 35-day grow-out period.

Reference

Nalle C.L., V. Ravindran and G. Ravindran. 2010. Evaluation of faba beans, white lupins and peas as protein sources in broiler diets. International Journal of Poultry Science 9 (6): 567-573.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.